You will work in pairs (or threes) to recreate the experiences of the following groups during the Age of Exploration (1492-1900). Your final product should be a diary chronicling 3 days in the life of ONE of the explorers/Indians. You should pretend that you are writing the diary shortly (within a couple of years) of encountering the other group. Each of you will write a diary from the perspective of the explorer or a member of the American Indian tribe. We will use these first person diary entries to debate the process of exploration at the end of class. The diary entries should be about a paragraph for each day. You will post your diary entries under your heading here by the end of class. YOU HAVE 40 MINUTES TO COMPLETE THIS!

Explorers will want to include in your diaries:
A description of where you went (especially describe the people and the environment)
An explanation of why you went to the new place
A description of your journey
A description of what you found (which means you need to research the area to which the explorer went)
A description of what you did and what you plan to do

American Indians will want to include in your diaries:
A description of who you are
A description of where you live and HOW you live (especially the environment)
A description of your first encounter with the explorers
A description of the explorers effects on your life
An explanation of how you plan to adapt

Group 1: French Explorers
Use this LINK

Jacques Cartier

April 20, 1534
Today I leave France for my first voyage to Newfoundland. I will be sailing with a fleet of three ships, the flagship Grande Hermine, the Petite Hermine, and the Emerillion. The journey should be about a month long before we have sight of Newfoundland. The preparations for the journey are almost complete and we should be able to leave before the sun sets today.
J.C.
May 30, 1535
Today we landed in Newfoundland. There is a long river seemingly stretching to the edge of the earth. This must be the Northwest Passage. We have built a military station in Stadacona in order to follow the river and perhaps find the Northwest Passage. It is very cold, but we will continue to explore the land. The two natives I captured are my translators, but they are being very stubborn in their resistance. Whether they resist or submit themselves obediently, we will continue down the river.
J.C.
May 23, 1541
Today we shall leave for my third journey. This journey has been delayed while waiting for the French and Spanish to design a truce. They have finally agreed to a truce and we have prepared for the journey for the last couple of days. We shall return to the river where I believe the Northwest Passage is located. When I find the Northwest Passage I will be a very wealthy and powerful man.
J.C.

Group 2: Spanish Explorers (other than Columbus and Cortez)
Use this LINK


Group 3: English Explorers
Use this LINK
Sir Walter Raleigh

1587
I have sent colonist to the new world. I prepared everything for them but i could not sail with them because the queen had not given me permission, but recently my Queen has given me permission to go see my newly established colony. I was very content because I had not gotten any news of the colony in a while. I prepared one of my ship with food and tomorrow i will leave for the new word.

My journey is well under way and some of my men are sick, we have been through one storm and with my expertise and knowledge I see another one is coming close but with my navigation we might get through it easily and even earlier than the planned arrival.

Group 4: Iroquois and Algonquians (Great Lakes and northern US)
Mohawks
Iroquois


Group 5: Powhatans
another source


Group 6: Navajo


My name is Chief Crazy Horse, the leader of the Diné. We are the people known as the Navajos, but we call ourselves the Diné. We live in northern Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico, an arid, beautiful place. We call our homeland Diné Bikéyah, a land that we consider quite bountiful. Our people herd sheep, and ride horses, both stolen from the Spanish. Our nomadic lifestyle, herding hunting and gathering with a little of agriculture, gave us the ability to survive the arrival of the white man.

The day of my tribe begins with our daily ritual honoring the Mother Earth and Father Sky. We tend to our herds, and the women head out to gather berries and other useful plants and herbs. Also, at times where we have planted corn or maize, we tend to that too. The arts are a big part of our lives, women spend a lot of their free time weaving baskets and intricate rugs, and crafting clay pottery. Throughout the life our tribe, this sacred lifestyle continued uninterrupted until the day that the Spanish Conquistadors and Missionaries arrived.

At first, when the Spanish arrived, we had no idea who they were, and we were completely unable to communicate with them; them and their exotic language. Our first impression of them was that they were a cruel people invading on our homeland, so we fought against them. In later years, our women were taken by the Spanish and were forced to marry them. At first, we rebelled against this, and it only fueled our anger and lust for warfare. After a while, when the Europeans showed no signs of retreating, we finally gave in. Eventually, some of our women returned back to their people, and their acquired knowledge of the Spanish language enabled use to communicate with the Spanish.